It's 2040 and the linear model that dominated the earth's economies since the industrial revolution is no more. The circular economy that emerged in response to the unsustainable practices that caused immeasurable environmental damage for over a century has taken to the forefront. It is now globally established across a broad range of sectors and manufacturing processes to support the successful deployment of net-zero emissions and the globally agreed upon standard of zero waste are in place.

Waste is no longer an acceptable by-product of progress and commerce. Zero waste laws have forced accountability ensuring companies, governments and consumers reuse products and materials to the fullest extent possible. These regulations have fundamentally changed almost every process leading to the reconstruction of most manufacturing sites and a revolution of new ideas and methodologies to govern these new practices. In most nations, consortiums of manufacturers are encouraged to share raw materials and by-products, as well as re-use returned and recycled products.

To continue reading, click here.